The ups of DOWNS

“Yayy…. I got two pink lines”, Aanya screamed with effervescence oozing out from her vocal chord as she rushed out, (though with caution) from the restroom. Hearing that Dhiren abandoned his incomplete official task and rushed to hug Aanya.

 The ups of DOWNS

“Yayy…. I got two pink lines”, Aanya screamed with effervescence oozing out from her vocal chord as she rushed out, (though with caution) from the restroom. Hearing that Dhiren abandoned his incomplete official task and rushed to hug Aanya.

Indeed, it was a moment of utopian exuberance for the couple, who were trying for a baby since a decade. They both were tired of uncongenial advices from various strata of the society, regarding biological clock, appropriate timing and the like.

The couple immediately got an appointment from Dr. Rawat, the OBGYN they were visiting since past five years. Dr. Rawat laid down an extensive list of do’s and don’ts for the first trimester and  also  advised a battery of pre-natal tests to be performed to ascertain if everything is in place for the little one.

All seemed to be fine, and the days seemed to pass by, in a blink of an eye. The couple even made interminable and meticulous plans to welcome their newborn, which was due the next week.

Early next morning, hours after the birth of the little princess, life took a sudden and abrupt turn .Still recovering from a traumatic delivery that required an emergency Caesarean section, Aanya lay numb on bed, groggy from sedation. The pediatrician, came out of the operating room and informed Dhiren about the princess and also added that she seemed to have Down’s Syndrome, the most common cause of cognitive disabilities.

This scenario is so recurrent in the present day context, that the crux about Down’s Syndrome in a nutshell would be of help to all and sundry.

Down syndrome is a set of physical and mental traits caused by a gene problem that happens before birth. Children who have Down syndrome tend to have certain features, such as a flat face and a short neck. They also have some degree of intellectual disability. This varies from person to person. But in most cases it is mild to moderate. Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. But with care and support, children who have Down syndrome can grow up to have healthy, happy, productive lives.

What causes Down syndrome?

Down syndrome is caused by a problem with a baby's chromosomes. Normally, a person has 46 chromosomes. But most people with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes. In rare cases, other chromosome problems cause Down syndrome. Having extra or abnormal chromosomes changes the way the brain and body develop.

What are the symptoms?

Most children with Down syndrome have:

• Distinctive facial features, such as a flat face, small ears, slanting eyes, and a small mouth.

• A short neck and short arms and legs.

• Low muscle tone and loose joints. Muscle tone usually improves by late childhood.

• Below-average intelligence .

Many children with Down syndrome are also born with heart, intestine, ear, or breathing problems. These health conditions often lead to other problems, such as airway (respiratory) infections or hearing loss. But most of these problems can be treated.

How is Down syndrome diagnosed?

Your doctor may suggest that you have tests during pregnancy to find out if your baby has Down syndrome. You may decide to have:

• Screening tests, such as an ultrasound or a blood test during your first or second trimester. These can help show if the developing baby (fetus) is at risk for Down syndrome. But these tests sometimes give false-positive or false-negative results.

• Diagnostic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling or amniocentesis. These can show if a baby has Down syndrome. You may want to have these tests if you have abnormal results from a screening test or if you are worried about Down syndrome.

Sometimes a baby is diagnosed after birth. A doctor may have a good idea that a baby has Down syndrome based on the way the baby looks and the results of a physical exam. To make sure, the baby's blood will be tested, the results of which may be available in a span of 2-3 weeks.

A little awareness goes a long way in accepting unprecedented scenarios!

As Thich Naht Hanh, quoted “Awareness is like a sun .When it shines on things, they are transformed”

What's Your Reaction?

like
1
dislike
0
love
0
funny
0
angry
0
sad
0
wow
0